Personal Development and Mutual Understanding
Personal Development and Mutual Understanding (PD&MU) focuses on encouraging each pupil to become personally, emotionally and socially effective. It also encourages them to lead healthy, safe and fulfilled lives and to become confident, independent and responsible citizens, making informed and responsible choices and decisions throughout their lives.
For further details, see Statutory Requirements for Personal Development and Mutual Understanding at Key Stage 1 and Statutory Requirements for Personal Development and Mutual Understanding at Key Stage 2.
The learning opportunities that Personal Development and Mutual Understanding provides should help young people to develop as:
- contributors to society; and
- contributors to the economy and environment.
As PD&MU is very much about developing values and attitudes, it is extremely important that pupils have an opportunity to develop these naturally as a consequence of their investigations and guided critical reflection.
Learning should therefore be active. You should encourage your pupils to investigate issues for themselves, to suggest solutions and to make decisions based on what they have learned.
PD&MU Guidance Booklet
The Personal Development and Mutual Understanding for Key Stages 1 and 2 guidance booklet explains what PD&MU is and why it is important, describing its place in the Revised Curriculum..
This document also explains how to implement PD&MU. It discusses suitable teaching, learning and assessment strategies and relates PD&MU to broader aspects of school life.
PD&MU Progression Grids
PD&MU progression grids are designed to give schools a whole school or key stage overview, which can help curriculum leaders to implement PD&MU successfully. The grids can also to be used as a tool for monitoring and evaluating progression throughout the school.
For more information on Personal Development and Mutual Understanding, contact:
(028) 9026 1200 ext. 2665
This comprehensive teaching resource is made up of seven units for every year group in primary school. Each unit has learning activities and teaching strategies that can help schools deliver the statutory requirements for PD&MU.
Visiting Churches aims to give one example of how two schools, representing both the controlled and maintained sectors, organised a visit by Year 5 pupils to two churches of different faiths in Newtownards.
This site contains fun interactive activities about family, friendships, bullying and diversity. The activities support delivering PD&MU at Key Stage 1.
The new guidance outlines the current issues and provides a useful context for how and why schools should address these important areas. It also helps schools to create a meaningful policy for RSE and support principals and teachers to manage potentially challenging situations.
RSE is an area of significant political and public interest. In light of this, and of changing social issues and attitudes, teachers are asking for clarity on classroom strategies for teaching RSE, particularly in the priority areas below.
The new guidance outlines the current issues and provides a useful context for how and why schools should address these important areas. It also helps schools to create a meaningful policy for Drugs Education and support principals and teachers to manage potentially challenging situations.
CCEA and the Northern Ireland Commissioner for Children and Young People (NICCY) have partnered to create this child rights resource hub for teachers and pupils. Its aim is to provide a range of resources that will help to tell children and young people about their rights, as outlined in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC).
This is a PD&MU resource from the Irish School of Ecumenics. This resource contains material for teachers and play leaders working with young children aged 5 to 9 years.
This site offers pupils the tools to adopt a can-do attitude and encourages them to realise their enterprising capabilities. Employability is one of the key elements underpinning the revised curriculum. It aims to bridge the cultural gap between what goes on outside the classroom and what happens in the classroom.
A thematic unit which helps schools celebrate the Olympic and Paralympic Games (but can be adapted to celebrate other international sporting events).
CCEA Thematic units Thematic units have learning and teaching activities that can help you deliver aspects of the Northern Ireland curriculum through a specific topic or theme. Several units relate strongly to PD&MU.
Please review all links to judge their suitability before using them with your class.
Best Foot Forward (Travelwise for Schools) A Key Stage 2 teaching tool developed to help teachers bring the advantages of using sustainable modes of transport such as walking, cycling, public transport and car-sharing into the classroom.
C2k NewsDesk An online resource available free to all teachers in Northern Ireland with a C2k account. You can access NewsDesk via a link on the My School home page. There is a bank of age-appropriate news stories that you can use to explore issues related to Personal Development and Mutual Understanding (and other areas of the curriculum).
Children's Mental Health Week Activities and assemblies created by the charity Place2Be to help children understand more about good mental health
Creating a dementia-friendly generation A resource from the Alzheimer’s Society that introduces dementia awareness into the curriculum and encourages schools to consider their role in the community to support people living with dementia.
Digiduck Free e-books, PDFs, a poster and an interactive app from Childnet help teachers and parent teach children about online safety. (Age 3-7)
Eat, Taste and Grow A resource on food and local produce, developed in a collaboration between SafeFood and the Public Health Agency.
Global Learning Programme Global Learning Programme provides schools with resources, case studies and information on local training that will support them to educate for a fair and sustainable world through all areas of the curriculum.
Healthy Places, Healthy Children A resource which provides an opportunity for children to research their local area, develop proposals for how to make their own environment a better place to live and connect with public decision-makers to make a change.
Joined up – developing good relations in the school community This resource provides practical ideas and support to help teachers and other educators become more confident in creating and delivering engaging activities relating to identity, diversity and conflict.
Pants Pants is an educational resource the NSPCC developed for schools to help teach pupils to stay safe.
Play Resource: Creative Paths Arts outreach Play Resource aims to develop children’s creative potential by increasing their access to the arts. It uses creative approaches to enhance learning and development through building communication skills and exploring emotional understanding.
Radar NI A safety skills education centre in Belfast. It contains life sized, realistic looking streets, houses, rooms, trains, buses and farm equipment to help pupils to learn safety life skills through role play and other practical activities. Suitable for Key Stage 2 and beyond.
South West Grid for Learning (SWGfL) Provides free resources to help educate pupils to think critically, behave safely and participate responsibly in a digital world.
Young Enterprise Young Enterprise have developed a programme for pupils in every year of primary school to help them understand more about the world of work and to develop useful personal skills for employment and business.