After their landmark election win in 1918, Sinn Féin refused to acknowledge the parliament of Great Britain and established Dáil Éireann, the first government of the newly declared Irish Republic. On the very same day, the War of Independence began which started off a chain of events which would result in the partitioning of the island into Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. Two of the key figures during this time were Éamon de Valera (who would go on to become President of the Dáil) and Michael Collins (who would go on to become Minister of Finance and head of the Irish Republican Army).

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